Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 12, 2002
Previous Article Next Article

In situ Raman spectroscopic studies of LiNixMn2  xO4 thin film cathode materials for lithium ion secondary batteries

Author affiliations

Abstract

Chemical states and structural changes accompanying the electrochemical Li extraction and insertion of LiNixMn2  xO4 (0 < x < 0.5) thin films in LiBF4–EC–DMC solutions, studied by in situ Raman spectroscopy, are reported for the first time. Ex situ Raman measurements for the virgin electrodes revealed that the oxidation state of Ni in the pristine thin films was Ni2+. In situ Raman spectra of the thin films collected in the organic electrolyte during Li ion extraction and insertion in the potential range 3.4–5.0 V vs. Li/Li+ showed a new Raman band at 540 cm−1 appearing around 4.7 V, which is attributed to the Ni4+–O bond. In addition, from the in situ Raman spectral changes, it is suggested that Li ion extraction and insertion proceed as follows: the redox of Ni2+/3+ takes place in the potential range 4.4–4.7 V, and Ni3+/4+ in the 4.7–5.0 V range, while the redox at 3.8–4.4 V corresponds to Mn3+/4+. Furthermore, it was confirmed that these changes in the Raman spectra were reversible upon changing the electrode potential, and the Li ion extraction and insertion proceed in a reversible manner.

Graphical abstract: In situ Raman spectroscopic studies of LiNixMn2 [ ] − [ ] xO4 thin film cathode materials for lithium ion secondary batteries

Back to tab navigation
Please wait while Download options loads

Publication details

The article was received on 11 Jul 2002, accepted on 10 Sep 2002 and first published on 27 Sep 2002


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B206764A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2002,12, 3688-3693
  •   Request permissions

    In situ Raman spectroscopic studies of LiNixMn2  xO4 thin film cathode materials for lithium ion secondary batteries

    K. Dokko, M. Mohamedi, N. Anzue, T. Itoh and I. Uchida, J. Mater. Chem., 2002, 12, 3688
    DOI: 10.1039/B206764A

Search articles by author