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Issue 10, 2002
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Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics in the (1 −x)Sr2NaNb5O15xCa2NaNb5O15(0.05 ≤x≤ 0.35) system

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The study investigating the electrical properties of dense lead-free piezoelectric ceramics in the (1 − x)Sr2NaNb5O15xCa2NaNb5O15 (SCNN) system with x ranging from 0.05 to 0.35 is reported here. X-Ray diffraction patterns all showed a single tetragonal tungsten bronze phase, peak broadening being seen on increasing the Ca content. The lattice constant calculation indicated distortion and shrinkage of the crystal structure with Ca substitution. Dielectric spectra of each composition displayed two dielectric anomalies and diffusive phase transitions. The Curie temperature, Tc, shifted upward whereas the relative permittivity at Tc declined monotonically as the Ca content increased. Ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of SCNN greatly depended on the Ca content. The composition with x = 0.15 exhibited the greatest polarization with Pr = 3.0 μC cm−2 and piezoelectric constant of d33 = 96 pC N−1, whereas the compositions with x = 0.30 and 0.35 almost lost their ferroelectricity and piezoelectricity. This study apparently indicates that lead-free SCNN piezoelectric ceramics have potential for electromechanical applications.

Graphical abstract: Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics in the (1 − x)Sr2NaNb5O15–xCa2NaNb5O15 (0.05 ≤ x ≤ 0.35) system

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The article was received on 22 Mar 2002, accepted on 28 Jun 2002 and first published on 12 Aug 2002

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B202923P
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2002,12, 3156-3161
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    Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics in the (1 − x)Sr2NaNb5O15xCa2NaNb5O15 (0.05 ≤ x ≤ 0.35) system

    R. Xie and Y. Akimune, J. Mater. Chem., 2002, 12, 3156
    DOI: 10.1039/B202923P

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