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Issue 19, 2002
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Fragmentation of valence electronic states of CF3–CH2F+ and CHF2–CHF2+ in the range 12–25 eV

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Abstract

Tunable vacuum-ultraviolet radiation from a synchrotron source and threshold photoelectron–photoion coincidence spectroscopy have been used to study the decay dynamics of the valence electronic states of CF3–CH2F+ and CHF2–CHF2+. The threshold photoelectron spectra, fragment ion yield curves, and breakdown diagrams of CF3–CH2F and CHF2–CHF2 have been obtained in the photon energy range 12–25 eV, the electrons and fragment ions being detected by a threshold electron analyser and a linear time-of-flight mass spectrometer, respectively. For the dissociation products of (CF3–CH2F+)* and (CHF2–CHF2+)* formed via a single-bond cleavage, the mean translational kinetic energy releases have been measured and compared with the predictions of statistical and pure-impulsive mechanisms. Ab initio G2 calculations have determined the minimum-energy geometries of CF3–CH2F and CHF2–CHF2 and their cations, and deduced the nature of the high-lying valence orbitals of both neutral molecules. Furthermore, enthalpies of formation at 298 K of both neutral molecules, and all the neutral and fragment ions observed by dissociative photoionisation have been calculated. Combining all experimental and theoretical data, the decay mechanisms of the ground and excited valence states of CF3–CH2F+ and CHF2–CHF2+ are discussed. The first and second excited states of both ions show some evidence for isolated-state behaviour, with fast dissociation by cleavage of a C–F or C–H bond and a relatively large translational energy released in the two fragments. The ground state of both ions dissociate by cleavage of the central C–C bond, with a much smaller translational energy release. Several fragment ions are observed which form via H-atom migration across the C–C bond; for  > 18 eV, CH2F+ is even the dominant ion from dissociative photoionisation of CHF2–CHF2. New experimental values are determined for the enthalpy of formation at 298 K of CF3–CH2F (−905 ± 5 kJ mol−1) and CHF2–CHF2 (−861 ± 5 kJ mol−1), with upper limits being obtained for CF2–CH2F+ (⩽485 ± 7 kJ mol−1), CF2–CHF2+ (⩽324 ± 7 kJ mol−1) and CHF–CHF2+ (⩽469 ± 7 kJ mol−1).

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Jun 2002, accepted on 26 Jul 2002 and first published on 28 Aug 2002


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B206093K
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2002,4, 4623-4633
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    Fragmentation of valence electronic states of CF3–CH2F+ and CHF2–CHF2+ in the range 12–25 eV

    W. Zhou, D. P. Seccombe and R. P. Tuckett, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2002, 4, 4623
    DOI: 10.1039/B206093K

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