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Issue 5, 2001
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On-line removal of mass interferences in palladiumdetermination by ICP-MS using modified capillaries coupled to micro-flow nebulizers

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Abstract

This paper describes a novel approach developed for on-line removal of interferences within modified capillaries coupled to micro-flow nebulizers, for palladium determination by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). A strong cation exchanger [2-(4-chlorosulfophenyl)ethyltrichlorosilane)] was covalently bound to the silica capillary that was coupled to a microconcentric nebulizer (MCN) or to a direct injection nebulizer (DIN). The modified surface of the capillary was able to selectively retain copper and yttrium from aqueous samples at pH 7.5 during the sample introduction step, while Pd was not retained and 105Pd could be determined in the absence of interferent elements. The capillary was easily regenerated by flushing with 100 µL of 10−2 mol L−1 HCl. Since calibrations showed no significant difference between the absence and presence of interfering elements, the palladium detection limits of 8.8 and 5.8 ng L−1 for MCN and DIN, respectively, were not influenced by adding up to a 300-fold excess of interferents. The developed method constitutes, for the first time, a simple way to determine ultratrace amounts of palladium in samples containing the above-mentioned interferents by using ICP-MS. The method was successfully applied to determine palladium in different environmental samples such as road dust and car exhaust fumes.

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Dec 2000, accepted on 22 Feb 2001 and first published on 23 Mar 2001


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B010052H
Citation: J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2001,16, 481-486
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    On-line removal of mass interferences in palladium determination by ICP-MS using modified capillaries coupled to micro-flow nebulizers

    R. García, M. Gómez, M. xmlns="http://www.rsc.org/schema/rscart38"> <. A. Palacios, J. Bettmer and C. Camara, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2001, 16, 481
    DOI: 10.1039/B010052H

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