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Issue 7, 2001
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Bioelectrocatalysis-based dihydrogen/dioxygen fuel cell operating at physiological pH

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Abstract

A biochemical fuel cell was constructed using H2 as fuel to produce H2O in the reaction with O2 at neutral pH and ambient temperature. The cell uses carbon felt as an electrode material for both the anode and the cathode and an anion exchange membrane as a separator. The anodic oxidation of H2 was accelerated by methyl viologen-mediated electrocatalysis with bacterial cells Desulfo[italic v (to differentiate from Times ital nu)]ibrio [italic v (to differentiate from Times ital nu)]ulgaris (Hildenborough) as catalysts, and the cathodic reduction of O2 was accelerated by 2,2′-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate)-mediated electrocatalysis with bilirubin oxidase as a catalyst. The bioelectrocatalytic systems allowed the cell to operate at 1.0 V with current 0.9 mA at an electrode of size 1.5 × 1.5 × 0.1 cm3. The cell voltage attained 1.17 V at open circuit, which is close to the standard electromotive force 1.23 V. The cell voltage–current behavior is interpretable by linear sweep voltammetry using the same electrode system. On this basis, the electrochemistry behind the performance of the biochemical fuel cell is discussed.

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Nov 2000, accepted on 08 Feb 2001 and first published on 06 Mar 2001


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B009539G
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2001,3, 1331-1335
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    Bioelectrocatalysis-based dihydrogen/dioxygen fuel cell operating at physiological pH

    S. Tsujimura, M. Fujita, H. Tatsumi, K. Kano and T. Ikeda, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2001, 3, 1331
    DOI: 10.1039/B009539G

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