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Issue 11, 2001
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Velocity measurement of particulate flow in microfluidic channels using single point confocal fluorescence detection

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Abstract

This article presents a non-invasive, optical technique for measuring particulate flow within microfluidic channels. Confocal fluorescence detection is used to probe single fluorescently labeled microspheres (0.93 μm diameter) passing through a focused laser beam at a variety of flow rates (50 nL min−1–8 μL min−1). Simple statistical methods are subsequently used to investigate the resulting fluorescence bursts and generate velocity data for the flowing particles. Fluid manipulation is achieved by hydrodynamically pumping fluid through microchannels (150 μm wide and 50 μm deep) structured in a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate. The mean fluorescence burst frequency is shown to be directly proportional to flow speed. Furthermore, the Poisson recurrence time and width of recovered autocorrelation curves is demonstrated to be inversely proportional to flow speed. The component-based confocal fluorescence detection system is simple and can be applied to a diversity of planar chip systems. In addition, velocity measurement only involves interrogation of the fluidic system at a single point along the flow stream, as opposed to more normal multiple-point measurements.

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Jul 2001, accepted on 31 Aug 2001 and first published on 17 Oct 2001


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B106559A
Citation: Analyst, 2001,126, 1953-1957
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    Velocity measurement of particulate flow in microfluidic channels using single point confocal fluorescence detection

    J. B. Edel, E. K. Hill and A. J. de Mello, Analyst, 2001, 126, 1953
    DOI: 10.1039/B106559A

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