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Issue 7, 2000
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Synthesis and reactivity of hydrazine complexes of iridium(III)

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Abstract

Hydride complexes IrHCl2[PPh(OEt)2]L21, 3 and IrHCl2[P(OEt)3]L22, 4 (L = PPh3 or AsPh3) were prepared by substituting one phosphine or arsine ligand in IrHCl2L3 with the appropriate phosphite. Treatment of hydrides 1–4 first with triflic acid (CF3SO3H) and then with hydrazines gave [IrCl2(RNHNH2){PPh(OEt)2}L2]BPh45, 7 and [IrCl2(RNHNH2){P(OEt)3}L2]BPh46, 8 (R = H, Me, Ph or C6H4NO2-4). Hydride–hydrazine complexes [IrH2(RNHNH2)(PPh3)3]BPh49 and [IrHCl(RNHNH2)(PPh3)2]BPh410 (R = H, Me or Ph) were also prepared by allowing IrH3(PPh3)3 or IrH2Cl(PPh3)3 to react sequentially first with CF3SO3H or HBF4·Et2O and then with the appropriate hydrazine. All complexes were fully characterised by IR and NMR spectroscopy and their geometry in solution was also established. Oxidation with Pb(OAc)4 at −30 °C of arylhydrazines [IrCl2(ArNHNH2)L′L2]BPh45–8 [L′ = PPh(OEt)2 or P(OEt)3; Ar = Ph] afforded stable aryldiazene derivatives [IrCl2(ArN[double bond, length half m-dash]NH){PPh(OEt)2}L2]BPh411, 13 and [IrCl2(ArN[double bond, length half m-dash]NH){P(OEt)3}L2]BPh412, 14. By contrast, treatment with Pb(OAc)4 at −30 °C of methylhydrazine complexes [IrCl2(MeNHNH2)L′L2]BPh4 gave hydrides IrHCl2L′L2. Aryldiazene complexes [IrCl2(ArN[double bond, length half m-dash]NH)L′L2]BPh411–14 and [{IrCl2L′L2}2(μ-HN[double bond, length half m-dash]NAr–ArN[double bond, length half m-dash]NH)](BPh4)215–18 [Ar = Ph or C6H4Me-4; Ar–Ar = 4,4′-C6H4–C6H4 or 4,4′-(2-Me)C6H3–C6H3(Me-2)] were also prepared by allowing hydride species IrHCl2L′L21–4 to react with the appropriate aryldiazonium cations in acetone at −80 °C. Their characterisation by IR and NMR spectroscopy (with 15N isotopic substitution) is discussed.

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Nov 1999, accepted on 25 Jan 2000 and first published on 08 Mar 2000


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/A909404K
Citation: J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 2000,0, 1181-1189
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    Synthesis and reactivity of hydrazine complexes of iridium(III)

    G. Albertin, S. Antoniutti, E. Bordignon and F. Menegazzo, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 2000, 0, 1181
    DOI: 10.1039/A909404K

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