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Issue 8, 1999
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Modulation of cation binding in calix[4]arene amides: synthesis, complexation and molecular modelling studies

Abstract

We report combined experimental and theoretical studies on the complexation and liquid–liquid extraction of alkali and alkaline-earth cations by a series of calix[4]arenes bearing various combinations of primary, secondary and tertiary amide substituents. Four mixed calix[4]arene amides have been synthesized. Upon N-alkyl to N-H substitution on the amide binding sites, the binding strength of cations is reduced in methanol, and further, the extraction of cations from water into dichloromethane becomes highly inefficient. However, high complexation selectivities for Sr2+ and Ca2+ over Na+ are achieved for a mixed primary/tertiary derivative. The structures of typical free and complexed ligands are elucidated by NMR analysis and by molecular dynamics simulations in methanol and chloroform solution. Simulations at the water/organic interface also reveal different behaviour of tertiary/secondary/primary amide complexes.

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/A902001B
Citation: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1999,0, 1727-1738
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    Modulation of cation binding in calix[4]arene amides: synthesis, complexation and molecular modelling studies

    F. Arnaud-Neu, S. Barboso, F. Berny, A. Casnati, N. Muzet, A. Pinalli, R. Ungaro, M. Schwing-Weill and G. Wipff, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1999, 0, 1727
    DOI: 10.1039/A902001B

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