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Issue 1, 1999
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Phthalic acid, a versatile building block in organic-organometallic crystal engineering

Abstract

Phthalic acid [C6H4-1,2-(COOH)2, H2PA] and terephthalic acid [C6H4-1,4-(COOH)2, H2TPA] have been reacted with aqueous solutions of the hydroxides [(η5-C5H5)2Co]+[OH]- and [(η6-C6H6)2Cr]+[OH]- produced insitu by oxidation of the parent neutral molecules. The acid–base reaction leads to self-assembly of the deprotonated acid anions into honeycomb superstructures held together by hydrogen-bonding interactions of the O–H···O and charged O–H···O- types. The superanions accommodate the [(η5-C5H5)2Co]+ and the paramagnetic [(η6-C6H6)2Cr]+ organometallic cations via charge-assisted C–Hδ+···Oδ- hydrogen bonds. Four novel organic–organometallic cocrystals, namely {[(η5-C5H5)2Co]+}4{[HPA]-}2[PA]2-·4H2O (1), [(η6-C6H6)2Cr]+-[HPA]-[H2PA] (2), {[(η5-C5H5)2Co]+}2[TPA]2-·6H2O (3) and {[(η6-C6H6)2Cr]+}2[TPA]2-·6H2O (4) have been isolated and structurally characterized by low-temperature X-ray diffraction measurements. It is shown that phthalic acid is a very versatile building block in the formation of hydrogen-bonded networks and unprecedented superanionic architectures. The role played by water molecules in the stabilization of the crystal structures in the absence of all or almost all acidic protons is discussed.

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Supplementary files


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/A806501B
Citation: New J. Chem., 1999,23, 17-24
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    Phthalic acid, a versatile building block in organic-organometallic crystal engineering

    D. Braga, A. Angeloni, L. Maini, A. W. Götz and F. Grepioni, New J. Chem., 1999, 23, 17
    DOI: 10.1039/A806501B

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