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Issue 12, 1998
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Hard magnets based on transition metal complexes with the dicyanamide anion, {N(CN)2}-,


We present the crystal structures and magnetic properties of a series of magnetic compounds, MII{N(CN)2}2, where M=Cu (1), Ni (2), Co (3) and Fe (4), and [Mn{N(CN)2}2(C2H5OH)2]Z·(CH3)2CO (5). In the isostructural compounds 14, the dicyanamide anion is triply coordinating through its three nitrogen atoms. It bridges the metal ions to form infinite 3D metal-organic frameworks with a rutile-type structure. The framework contains doubly bridged M(–Nâ–·C–N–Câ–·N–)2 ribbons that link approximately orthogonally through the amide nitrogen atoms. The Jahn–Teller distortion in 1 has a strong influence on the packing arrangement (M–N bond lengths: 1.98 and 2.47 Å for 1 and 2.10 and 2.15 Å for 3). On lowering the temperature the bond distances in 1 remain unchanged except for a decrease of the M–Namide length to 2.45 Å. Magnetic data for 1 obey the Curie–Weiss law (Θ=-2.1 K). 2 and 3 are ferromagnets with Curie temperatures (TC) of 9 and 21 K and are characterized by hysteresis loops of 710 and 7975 Oe at 2 K, remnant magnetization, magnetization approaching the expected saturation (gS) of 2 and 3 µB in high field, absorptive component (χ″) in the AC magnetization and λ peak in the heat capacity data. 4 is similarly characterized and shows behaviour that is characteristic of a canted antiferromagnet: the Weiss constant is temperature dependent (+3 K in the range 200–300 K), there is a sharper peak than for 1 or 2 in the AC magnetization and the isothermal magnetization at 3 K increases monotonically to ≈1.3 µB (expected to be 4 µB for ferromagnetic alignment of the spins) in a field of 8 T. Its coercive field (17800 Oe) is the largest observed for any metal-organic compound and exceeds those of alloys of SmCo5 and Nd2Fe14B. The maximum energy product (B · H) is the highest for 3 and is comparable to alloys of Sm–Co. We attribute the large coercive field to a combination of single ion and particle shape anisotropies. 5 is paramagnetic at high temperature with Θ=-3 K. Below 16 K it behaves as a canted antiferromagnet with a very weak resultant spontaneous magnetization.

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/A803165G
Citation: New J. Chem., 1998,22, 1515-1524
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    Hard magnets based on transition metal complexes with the dicyanamide anion, {N(CN)2}-,

    M. Kurmoo and C. J. Kepert, New J. Chem., 1998, 22, 1515
    DOI: 10.1039/A803165G

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