Molecular structure of trimethylamine–gallane, Me3N·GaH3: ab initio calculations, gas-phase electron diffraction and single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies†
The structure of the gallane adduct Me3N·GaH3 has been investigated by ab initio quantum chemical calculations. The results of gas-phase electron-diffraction (GED) measurements, together with earlier microwave measurements, have been reanalysed using the SARACEN method to determine the most reliable structure of the gaseous molecule. Salient structural parameters (rαo structure) were found to be: r(Ga–H) 151.1(13), r(Ga–N) 213.4(4), r(N–C) 147.6(3), r(C–H) 108.4(4) pm; H–Ga–N 99.3(8) and Ga–N–C 108.8(2)°. Unlike the corresponding alane derivative, the adduct is monomeric in the crystalline phase with dimensions very close to those of the gaseous molecule, as confirmed by a redetermination of the structure of a single crystal at 150 K.