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Issue 7, 1997
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Long-range electron-transfer reaction rates to cytochromec across long- and short-chain alkanethiol self-assembledmonolayers: Electroreflectancestudies

Abstract

The kinetics of electron transfer (ET) between cytochrome c and a gold (111) electrode through self-assembled monolayers of alkanethiols with terminal carboxylic acid groups, COOH(CH 2 ) n SH, have been studied for n=2–11 using an ac potential-modulated UV–VIS reflectance spectroscopic technique (electroreflectance spectroscopy, ER). For 9⩽n⩽11, the standard ET rate constant, k app , depends exponentially on the chain lengths and the exponential decay factor is 1.09 per methylene group; for n<9, however, k app deviates from the exponential plot. The ET reaction through short-chain alkanethiol monolayers is controlled by the preceding chemical reaction. The rate-controlling step is very likely to be the reorganization of cytochrome c to the favourable conformation for the ET reaction. The ET reaction rate constant from cytochrome c in the favourable conformation to the electrode surface obeys Marcus theory for long-range ET. The ET reaction through long-chain alkanethiol monolayers is controlled by the ET rate through alkanethiols.

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/A605567B
Citation: J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1997,93, 1367-1370
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    Long-range electron-transfer reaction rates to cytochrome c across long- and short-chain alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers: Electroreflectance studies

    Z. Qiang Feng, S. Imabayashi, T. Kakiuchi and K. Niki, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1997, 93, 1367
    DOI: 10.1039/A605567B

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