High-power ultrasound can generate cavitation within a liquid and through cavitation provide a source of energy which can be used to enhance a wide range of chemical processes. Such uses of ultrasound have been grouped under the general name sonochemistry. This review will concentrate on applications in organic synthesis where ultrasound seems to provide a distinct alternative to other, more traditional, techniques of improving reaction rates and product yields. In some cases it has also provided new synthesic pathways.
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