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Issue 4, 1996
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Novel intermolecular C–H ⋯π it interactions: an ab initio and density functional theory study

Abstract

The recent characterisation of short contacts between chloroform solvate molecules and the C–C triple bond of gold ethynides has prompted a theoretical investigation of the strength of C–H ⋯π interactions. Extensive ab initio and density functional theory calculations have been performed on a variety of model systems displaying a T-shaped C–H ⋯π motif. The interaction of ethyne, C2H2, with a variety of small proton donor molecules (HCN, CH4 –nCln, n= 0–3) is invariably found to be weak (ΔEint < 10 kJ mol–1). Replacement of the two acetylenic protons with more electron-donating sodium atoms increases the electron density in the C–C π bond and results in a substantial increase in the interaction with the proton donor. The calculated interaction energies rise to as much as 60 kJ mol–1 in the case of C2Na2⋯ CHCl3. The interaction of CHCl3 with a model gold ethynide, H3PAuCCAuPH3, is intermediate between these two extremes, ab initio and density functional calculations both giving estimates of ca. 25 kJ mol–1 comparable to a reasonably strong hydrogen bond. The unusually strong C–H ⋯π interactions in the gold ethynide arise directly as a consequence of the electron-donating properties of the AuPR3 fragment and are fundamentally different to the much weaker C–H ⋯π interactions in purely organic systems.

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/P29960000563
Citation: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1996,0, 563-568
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    Novel intermolecular C–H ⋯π it interactions: an ab initio and density functional theory study

    M. Fan, Z. Lin, J. E. McGrady and D. M. P. Mingos, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1996, 0, 563
    DOI: 10.1039/P29960000563

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