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Issue 21, 1995
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Radiofrequency-induced plasma polymerisation of propenoic acid and propanoic acid


Inductively coupled, radiofrequency-induced plasmas of propenoic (‘acrylic’) acid and propanoic acid, operated at a low electrical power (1–10 W), have been investigated using a combination of mass spectrometry (MS) and deposition-rate measurements. Thin films of plasma polymers of both compounds were deposited onto silicon substrates and analysed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The positive-ion MS data obtained from both compounds indicate the presence of species of the form (M+ H)+, (2M+ H)+ and (3M+ H)+, where M represents the molecular weight of the starting material. No neutral oligomeric species were detected. XPS analysis reveals an inverse relationship between the electrical power supplied to the plasma and the degree of retention of the carboxylic acid functionality in the solid product. Comparison of the MS and XPS results suggests that the above cationic species are responsible for the carboxylic-acid functionalisation of the plasma-polymer product, whereas fragmentation processes lead to the introduction of other functional groups such as alcohol and ketone. The thin film which featured the highest degree of retention of carboxylic acid (65%) was obtained from a plasma of propanoic acid operated at 1 W, and was deposited at the lowest rate (0.90 ng s–1).

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/FT9959103907
Citation: J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1995,91, 3907-3912
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    Radiofrequency-induced plasma polymerisation of propenoic acid and propanoic acid

    L. O'Toole, A. J. Beck, A. P. Ameen, F. R. Jones and R. D. Short, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1995, 91, 3907
    DOI: 10.1039/FT9959103907

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