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Issue 10, 1991
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Reduction of CeO2 by hydrogen. Magnetic susceptibility and Fourier-transform infrared, ultraviolet and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements

Abstract

The reduction of CeO2 by hydrogen has been studied from 300–1200 K by several complementary techniques: temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) and magnetic susceptibility measurements, Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), UV–VIS diffuse reflectance and X-ray photoelectron (XP) spectroscopy. Two CeO2 samples were used with B.E.T. surface areas of 115 and 5 m2 g–1, respectively. The concentration of Ce3+ was determined in situ by measuring the magnetic susceptibility and the CeIII photoemission line. The reduction began at 473 K, irrespective of the initial surface area of the ceria. In the case of the low-surface-area sample, an intermediate reduction step was observed between 573 and 623 K, corresponding to the reduction of the surface. This intermediate step was less easily observed in the case of the high-surface-area ceria. In both cases, the reduction led to a stabilised state with the formal composition CeO1.83. Temperatures higher than 923 K were required to reduce the ceria further. The surface CeIII content determined by XPS was close to that determined by magnetic susceptibility measurements. The intensity of the 17 000 cm–1 band in the UV–VIS reflectance spectrum also varied with the degree of reduction. Finally, the evolution of the surface species observed by IR spectroscopy was in good agreement with the results from the other techniques. The IR results indicated large changes in the concentration and nature of both the hydroxyl and the polydentate carbonate species during the reduction process. The adsorption of oxygen on samples previously reduced to the composition CeO1.83 led to almost complete reoxidation at room temperature. The state of the initial B.E.T. surface did not influence the oxidation process. A slight excess adsorption of oxygen was evident on the surface. This was thermodesorbed at 380 K under vacuum.

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/FT9918701601
Citation: J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1991,87, 1601-1609
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    Reduction of CeO2 by hydrogen. Magnetic susceptibility and Fourier-transform infrared, ultraviolet and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements

    A. Laachir, V. Perrichon, A. Badri, J. Lamotte, E. Catherine, J. C. Lavalley, J. El Fallah, L. Hilaire, F. Le Normand, E. Quéméré, G. N. Sauvion and O. Touret, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1991, 87, 1601
    DOI: 10.1039/FT9918701601

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