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Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions 1: Physical Chemistry in Condensed Phases was published from 1972 - 1989. In 1990 it continued as Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions.
A study has been made of the changes occurring in carbon-supported metalloporphyrins and metallo-phthalocyanines during heat treatment, which improves both the stability and the activity of these materials in the electrochemical reduction of oxygen in acid electrolyte. A variety of physical techniques was applied, including X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (X.p.s.), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, electron spin resonance and Mössbauer spectrometry.
During the heat treatment a bond can be formed between the carbon surface and both the central metal ion and the macrocyclic ligand, which thereby loses all its peripheral substituents while retaining its inner part. In some cases some of the chelate molecules are destroyed. The active sites formed in the more active catalysts consist of an isolated metal ion surrounded by the thermally modified ligand. A relation between redox potential and O2-reduction activity of the same form as that for untreated catalysts can be used to explain the observed enhancements in activity.
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Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions 1: Physical Chemistry in Condensed Phases
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