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Volume 62, 1977
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Potential energy surface for bond exchange among three hydrogen molecules

Abstract

Ab initio electronic structure calculations show that a termolecular, six-centre reaction path for bond exchange among hydrogen molecules is energetically accessible, whereas there appears to be no bimolecular, four-centre path. Our best SCF calculation for hexagonal H6 finds the minimum potential energy lies about 39 kcal mol–1 below the 2H2+ 2H asymptote, or about 69 kcal mol–1 above the 3H2 asymptote. The optimum distance between neighbouring hydrogen atoms is only 0.99 Å. This calculation employs ten orbitals (two s, three p, five d functions) on each hydrogen atom, with configuration interaction including all single and double excitations and an approximate correction for quadruple excitations. Calculations using less extensive SCF basis sets are also reported which give the zero point energy for the eleven nondissociative vibrational modes of hexagonal H6 and the potential energy profile along the reaction coordinate for the H6→ 3H2 dissociation. Other geometrical configurations of H6 are treated using the simple “diatomics-in-molecules” approximation. This gives good results for the hexagonal isomer (∼16 kcal mol–1 above our best ab initio energy) and indicates that only hexagonal H6 lies low enough to serve as a transition state for the six-centre reaction.

Comparisons with approximate ab initio results for larger Hn polygons give an improved estimate for the cohesive energy of metallic hydrogen. It is also shown that H6 is the only H4m+ 2 system for which a concerted bond exchange reaction can occur. This illustrates the need to supplement orbital symmetry correlations with energetic criteria.

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/DC9776200110
Citation: Faraday Discuss. Chem. Soc., 1977,62, 110-126
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    Potential energy surface for bond exchange among three hydrogen molecules

    D. A. Dixon, R. M. Stevens and D. R. Herschbach, Faraday Discuss. Chem. Soc., 1977, 62, 110
    DOI: 10.1039/DC9776200110

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