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Volume 64, 1968
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Ultra-violet absorption spectrum of isocyanic acid


The absorption spectrum of HNCO between 2000 and 2800 Å has been photographed with high resolution and absorption paths of up to 8 m atm. None of the bands are completely sharp, but many show coarse rotational structure. Long progressions of bands are assigned to excitation of an NCO bending vibration. The rotational structure shows that the NCO chain is strongly bent in the excited state, and that either ∠NCO = 119° and rNC+rCO= 2.64 Å if the excited state is trans, or ∠NCO = 129° and rNC+rCO= 2.60 Å if the excited state is cis. Comparison of the observed band contours with computed asymmetric top band syntheses proves that the bands have type C polarization. The electronic and geometrical structure of HNCO are discussed with the aid of a diagram correlating the molecular orbitals of HABC and AB2 molecules.

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/TF9686402002
Citation: Trans. Faraday Soc., 1968,64, 2002-2012
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    Ultra-violet absorption spectrum of isocyanic acid

    R. N. Dixon and G. H. Kirby, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1968, 64, 2002
    DOI: 10.1039/TF9686402002

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