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Issue 12, 2012
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Electrochemical growth of Au architectures on glassy carbon and their evaluation toward glucose oxidation reaction

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Abstract

Arrow-like, flower, splintery flower-like and pin wheel Au architectures were obtained using cyclic voltammetry (I), differential pulse amperometry (II), square wave voltammetry (III) and second harmonic AC voltammetry (IV) as electrochemical methods of synthesis, named systems I, II, III and IV respectively. Architecture sizes were 610, 380, 590 and 480 nm, meanwhile crystal sizes were 48, 76, 120 and 210 nm, respectively. XRD patterns showed that systems I, III and IV preferentially exhibited the (111) plane and system II preferentially exhibited the (200) plane. The catalytic properties of the architectures were tested employing D-(+)-glucose at 10, 50 and 100 mM, where the results showed that two processes occur in the glucose electrooxidation: at ∼−0.2 V vs. NHE, glucose is oxidized to gluconolactone, and after at ∼0.3 V vs. NHE the successive oxidation of the gluconolactone by-product were carried out. Systems with the (111) preferential plane favor gluconolactone oxidation; while system II with the (200) plane enhanced glucose oxidation toward the gluconolactone by-product. Also, system II showed a higher current density with 26.4 mA cm−2 at 100 mM glucose.

Graphical abstract: Electrochemical growth of Au architectures on glassy carbon and their evaluation toward glucose oxidation reaction

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 May 2012, accepted on 11 Sep 2012 and first published on 08 Oct 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2NJ40666G
Citation: New J. Chem., 2012,36, 2555-2561
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    Electrochemical growth of Au architectures on glassy carbon and their evaluation toward glucose oxidation reaction

    N. Arjona, M. Guerra-Balcázar, G. Trejo, J. Ledesma-García and L. G. Arriaga, New J. Chem., 2012, 36, 2555
    DOI: 10.1039/C2NJ40666G

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